News and Research
The purpose of this study was to assess the immediate impact of lumbar spine manipulation on pain, functional reach, static balance, and walking gait kinematics of individuals with acute low back pain (LBP)
Investigating if parity and abdominal surgeries are associated with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). It was highlighted in findings that each full-term pregnancy seemed to be related to the 22% increase in odds of developing DS. Hysterectomy vs no hysterectomy nearly doubled the odds of DS.
Researchers planned this work with the aim to update an individual patient data meta-analysis to assess the effect size of acupuncture for four chronic pain conditions. Observations revealed the efficacy of acupuncture for the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal, headache and osteoarthritis pain. Persistence of treatment effects of acupuncture over time was observed that could not be explained solely in terms of placebo effects. Thus for a patient with chronic pain, referral for a course of acupuncture treatment seemed a reasonable option.
The link between intake of dietary vitamin C intake and the risk of hip fracture was investigated via a meta-analysis. Evidence strongly supported that increasing dietary vitamin C intake can decrease the risk of hip fracture.
The aim is to determine the course of back pain in middle-aged women over a 9-year period, and assess whether obesity and physical inactivity are associated with more frequent back pain.
Data confirmed that Maintenance Care (MC) is more effective in reducing the total number of days over 52 weeks with bothersome non-specific LBP. For selected patients with recurrent or persistent non-specific LBP who respond well to an initial course of chiropractic care, MC should be considered an option for tertiary prevention.
Researchers investigated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain changes and examined their potential relationship with emotional and cognitive processes in chronic low back pain (CLBP). The CLBP groups showed brain changes mainly in areas and networks important in emotion and cognition, rather than those typically associated with nociception. Findings thereby supported the notion that emotional and cognitive processes could be the core contributor to the CLBP experience.
Current recommendations advise against exercising in the evening because of potential adverse effects on sleep. The goal of the study is to determine the extent to which evening exercise affects sleep and whether variables such as exercise intensity or duration modify the response.
In order to determine if the flare-ups of pain during the course of acute low back pain (LBP) were triggered by the physical activities, this trial was conducted. As per the data, prolonged sitting (>6 hours) and stress or depression triggered LBP flare-ups in participants with acute LBP. It was noted that physical therapy was a deterrent of flare-ups.
The data confirmed that NSAIDs are effective for spinal pain, but the magnitude of the difference in outcomes between the intervention and placebo groups is not clinically important. At present, there are no simple analgesics that serve clinically important effects for spinal pain over placebo. There is an urgent need to establish new drug therapies for this condition.
The goal of this study was to shed light on the link between obesity (current and historic) and osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip. Researchers inferred that OA of the hip or the knee is better predicted by the maximum body mass index (BMI) over one's lifespan vs the current BMI. An association of current BMI was evident, only with knee OA but not with hip OA, and therefore, it seemed as if knee joint is more sensitive to obesity.
Researchers assessed the benefits of corticosteroid injections for adhesive capsulitis (AC). They obtained findings demonstrating short-term efficacy, but not long-term benefits of corticosteroid injections for AC.
Variation in the water content and the size of lumbar intervertebral discs (IVDs) is known to occur because of recumbency and has been associated with lumbar IVD herniation risk through the impact of IVD hydration on tissue mechanical properties. It is not clear if similar changes in cervical or thoracic IVDs occur with recumbency.
Researchers examined how knee and low back pain/disabilities are correlated. They developed a predictive score that may assist in the identification of people who are likely to develop new knee pain within 5 years. According to results, there was a significant risk factor for the development of new knee pain in people aged ≥ 50 years who had no, or negligible knee symptoms were older age, female, higher body mass index, lower mental health score, weight increase, and higher low back pain score and indicated that the risk of developing new knee pain within 5 years ranges from 11.0% to 63.2%.
Researchers performed this cross-sectional observational study including 230 consecutive patients with spinal disorders who visited their outpatient clinic (age range 65-92 years) to evaluate the association between back muscle strength, trunk muscle mass, and sarcopenia-related parameters in these patients. Significant correlation of back muscle strength was noted with trunk muscle mass, handgrip strength, and gait speed. Sarcopenia, dynapenia, and normal stages were noted in 16.4%m 26.7% and 56.9% for males, and 23.7%, 50.9% and 25.4% for females, respectively. Females displayed a significantly higher prevalence of dynapenia than males. The normal group had back muscle strength significantly greater than that observed in the sarcopenic and dynapenic groups.